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Learn the Fundamentals of the Financial Markets with us.

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A contract for differences (CFD) is an arrangement made in a futures contract whereby differences in settlement are made through cash payments, rather than by the delivery of physical goods or securities. It is a tradable contract between a client and a broker, who are exchanging the difference in the current value of a share, currency, commodity or index and its value at the contract’s end. CFDs provide investors with the all benefits and risks of owning a security without actually owning it.


A commodity is a basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type; commodities are most often used as inputs in the production of other goods or services. The quality of a given commodity may differ slightly, but it is essentially uniform across producers. When they are traded on an exchange, commodities must also meet specified minimum standards, also known as a basis grade. On our platform, you can trade: Oil, Gold, Silver, Palladium, Corn, Wheat, Soybean; Sugar Cocoa, Coffee, Cotton.


Currency is a generally accepted form of money, including coins and paper notes, which is issued by a government and circulated within an economy. Used as a medium of exchange for goods and services, currency is the basis for trade.


A high-water mark is the highest peak in value that an investment fund or account has reached. This term is often used in the context of fund manager compensation, which is performance-based. The high-water mark ensures the manager does not get paid large sums for poor performance.


An index is an indicator, In the case of financial markets, stock and bond market indices consist of a hypothetical portfolio of securities representing a particular market or a segment of it. (You cannot invest directly in an index.) However, to assess how the index has changed from the previous day, investors must look at the amount the index has fallen, often expressed as a percentage. The Standard & Poor’s 500 is one of the world’s best known indices.


The concept of leverage is used by both investors and companies. Investors use leverage to significantly increase the returns that can be provided on an investment. They lever their investments by using various instruments that include options, futures, and margin accounts. Companies and investors can use leverage to finance their assets. The control of systemic risk requires controlling leverage. Leveraging enables gains and losses to be multiplied. On the other hand, there is a risk that leveraging will result in a loss.

Long Position

A long (or long position) is the buying of a security such as a stock, commodity or currency with the expectation the asset will rise in value.

Market Orders

An investor makes a market order through a broker or brokerage service to buy or sell an in-vestment such as currencies, commodities, bond, share and indices, immediately at the best available current price. A market order guarantees execution, and it often has low commissions due to the minimal work brokers need to do.

Short Position

A short, or short position, is a directional trading or investment strategy where the investor sells shares of borrowed stock in the open market. The expectation of the investor is that the price of the stock will de-crease over time, at which point the he will purchase it.


The greater the volatility, the greater the risk. Volatility is a statistical measure of the dispersion of returns for a given security or market index. Volatility can either be measured by using the standard deviation or variance between returns from that same security or market index. Volatility, as expressed as a percentage coefficient refers to the amount of uncertainty or risk about the size of changes in a security’s value. A higher volatility means that a security’s value can potentially be spread out over a larger range of values. This means that the price of the security can change dramatically over a short time period in either direction.


A pip in the forex market is the numeric value of a currency exchange rate. If the exchange rate of EUR/USD rises from 1.2250 to 1.2251, the change is exactly 1 pip. The smallest quotation on metatrader4 is 0.1pips, which is usually equal to the 3rd or 5th decimal places.


A pip in the forex market is the numeric value of a currency exchange rate. If the exchange rate of EUR/USD rises from 1.2250 to 1.2251, the change is exactly 1 pip. The smallest quotation on MetaTrader4 is 0.1pips, which is usually equal to the 3rd or 5th decimal places.


The bid is the price at which the market is willing to buy a particular currency pair. The trader can sell the currency at this price, which is placed on the left side of the quotation. For example, the USD/CHF is quoted at 1.4527/32. The purchase price is 1.4527; E.g. 1.4527 swiss francs can be sold for 1 US dollar.


The ask price is the price at which the foreign exchange market is willing to sell a particular currency pair. The trader can buy the base currency at this price, which is placed on the right side of the quotation. For example, the USD/CHF is quoted at 1.4527/32 and its selling price is 1.4532; that is, you can buy 1 USD with 1.4532 swiss francs. The foreign exchange selling price is also called the selling exchange rate.


The spread is the difference between the bid price (bid) and the ask price (ask). The smaller the spread between the bid price and the ask price, the lower the cost to the investor. The size of the spread has a greater impact on the overall profit and loss of short-term investors, and has little impact on medium and long-term investors.


At GC Markets, we use the STP model. Straight-through processing (STP) model is a bridging method. There is no direct trading desk quoting and controlling market prices. All customer orders are passed directly to the liquidity provider, i.e. other brokers and banks. The bid/ask prices are determined by liquidity providers. The counterparty will provide the market depth directly to the trader. Meanwhile, when the traders decide to close the position, the corresponding trades will be sent automatically to our liquidity providers.

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Official Release: GC Markets businesses will migrate to IV International LLC (IV Markets) on 29th May 2021
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